During 1942 Japan launched offensives in the China, Southeast Asian, and Pacific Theatres of the war. Meanwhile in September 1942 Hitler's generals presented him with a large decorated cake depicting the Caspian Sea and Baku. The British fleet retreated to East Africa until 1944. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Colombia broke diplomatic relations with the Axis powers. Countries by Military Strength #89 – 80. Communist Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia was convened on in Bihać in 1942 and in Jajce. Initially, the mass of the Spanish army was stationed in southern Spain in case of an Allied attack from Gibraltar during 1940 and 1941. American strategists at that time referred to the West Indies as "the bulwark that we watch. As part of the Anglo-American Destroyers for Bases Agreement, the United States was granted Air Force and U.S. Navy bases on Newfoundland's territory. Because of its ability to produce aviation fuel and its proximity to the Panama Canal, the oil refinery and port city of Talara, in northwest Peru, became an American air base. The distinguished Salvadoran jurist lived in Europe for many years in his career as a diplomat and as presiding judge of the Permanent Court of Justice International, based in The Hague, The Netherlands. , After two years of preparation, a complete infantry Division (about 25,000 troops, called the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (BEF)) was sent in July 1944 to fight in the Italian campaign. The Sultan of Oman declared war on Germany on September 10, 1939. Postwar Korea was jointly occupied by Soviet and American forces, with political disagreements leading to the separation of the peninsula into two independent nations. Most of the South African 2nd Division was taken prisoner with the fall of Tobruk on 21 June 1942. Others formed the Free Thai Movement to resist. Costa Rica declared war on Japan the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and on Germany and Italy shortly afterwards. During 1940, threatened with Soviet invasion, Romania ceded territory to the Soviet Union, Hungary, and Bulgaria, and following an internal political upheaval, Romania joined the Axis. Although the Japanese military invaded and occupied the neighboring British colony of Hong Kong in 1941, they initially avoided direct interference in the affairs of Macau. • Comparative military ranks Individual Kenyans also served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force. As with Argentina, by this time the war was almost over. During the war, Kenya was one of the most important conscription grounds for the British Army in Africa. • Iran However, it also maintained a strong effort against Japan, being the primary Allied power in the Pacific Theater. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, however, was by that time convinced that some aggressive action ought to be taken; and Paul Reynaud, who succeeded Édouard Daladier as France’s premier on March 21, was of the same opinion.  The government acceded to the demands, and Soviet troops occupied the country on June 17. Spain did make plans for defence of the country. After both the United States and Canada likewise refused to accept the refugees, they returned to Europe, where many were eventually murdered in the Holocaust. With the return of the Soviet Armed Forces, 70,000 Estonians joined the German side to fight the Soviets. World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history.An estimated total of 70–85 million people perished, or about 3% of the 1940 world population (est. Ubico implemented strong prohibitions on Nazi propaganda in Guatemala, which had one of Latin America's largest German immigrant populations. 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